Herpes herpes is an incurable, chronic infection caused by either one of two herpesviruses: herpes simplex 1 and herpes simplex 2 HSV-1 and HSV Both may be genital through sexual contact. Treatment for genital herpes must address the lifelong nature of the illness. While not everyone who has genital herpes chooses to take medication, antiviral drugs offer benefits to most people who have herpes symptoms. If you are infected with genital herpes, your doctor may prescribe cream antiviral drugs to treatment ease your symptoms during both a first episode and recurrent episodes.
Even if your first episode of herpes is mild, you may have severe or prolonged symptoms later.
For this reason, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC recommends that everyone who has a first episode of genital herpes take antiviral drugs. Almost everyone who has one episode of genital herpes caused by HSV-2 also has later breakouts of sores.
Genital Herpes Treatment | Everyday Health
Later episodes are less common if your case of genital herpes is due to an HSV-1 infection. Some people with genital herpes choose to take antiviral medication daily to reduce the number of symptom outbreaks they have. In some cases, daily therapy prevents outbreaks completely. Numerous studies over the years have demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of all three of the approved antivirals used to treat genital herpes.
Studies have also shown that daily antiviral therapy reduces the rate of transmission from an HSV-2 infected person to an uninfected partner of the opposite sex.
CDC – Genital Herpes Treatment
Genitql therapy also lowers the odds of infecting other people if you have multiple sex partners or if you are a gential who has sex with men. The drugs work both for people who have had herpes symptoms and for those whose blood tests show they have an HSV-2 infection but who have never had symptoms. Some people choose to take antiviral drugs only as needed, for outbreaks that occur after the first one. For this to work, you need ttreatment start taking the medicine within one day of sores cropping up or during the time period called the prodrome that comes before some outbreaks.
Your doctor will probably give you a prescription you can fill and keep handy for timely use, and tell you to start taking the drugs just as soon as symptoms begin.
Most people with genital herpes can manage the condition without much disruption to their daily lives. In some fairly rare cases, though, the disease can cause severe pain or illness that gebital hospitalization and intravenous acyclovir therapy.
Treatment Options for Managing Genital Herpes
One cream complication of herpes is hepatitis, which can lead to liver failure and even death. Herpes simplex virus hepatitis is more genital among people with a compromised immune system and in pregnant women. Becoming informed will help you learn to cope with the illness. It will also help you prevent sexual transmission of the illness, or transmission to an infant during a pregnancy.
Your doctor may be able to provide treatment with all the information you need, or you may choose to seek counseling from a mental health professional or at a clinic that specializes in herpes health, such as Planned Parenthood. Antiviral drugs reduce viral shedding, when the virus makes new copies of itself on the skin's surface.
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A recent study of people taking daily doses of valacyclovir shows the drug treatmenr help protect sex partners from being infected, although you should still use a latex condom. Half the partners of people taking daily valacyclovir became infected with the virus, and half did not. Side effects with these herpes drugs are considered mild, and health experts believe these drugs are safe in the long term.Education Is an Integral Part of Herpes Treatment. If you have genital herpes, it’s important for you to get educated about herpes and h ave the opportunity to ask questions in a supportive. Dec 09, · Treatment Guidelines and Updates. STD Treatment Guidelines – Genital HSV Infections (June 4, ) Resources for Clinicians. Herpes Simplex Self-Study Module External – An online learning experience that helps users learn how to manage herpes. It is continuously updated and integrates the most recent STD Treatment Guidelines. Free CME. Treatment with antiviral drugs can help people who are bothered by genital herpes outbreaks stay symptom-free longer. These drugs can also reduce the severity and duration of .
Acyclovir is the oldest of the three, and its safety has been documented in people taking suppressive therapy for several years. People taking suppressive therapy should see their doctor crream least once a year to decide if they should continue.
Genital HSV Infections - STD Treatment Guidelines
You may find taking the pills every day to be inconvenient, the drugs may not work for you, or you may naturally have fewer treatmeny as time goes on. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.